Withers (A Firm) v Antonia Basile Also Known As Antonia Basile Wilson

CourtHigh Court (Hong Kong)
Judgment Date18 Apr 2018
Neutral Citation[2018] HKCFI 509
SubjectMiscellaneous Proceedings
Judgement NumberHCMP1162/2016

HCMP 1162/2016

[2018] HKCFI 509






WITHERS (A FIRM) Plaintiff


Before: Master J. Wong in chambers (open to public)
Date of Hearing: 30 October 2017 and 28 February 2018
Date of Handing Down of Decision: 18 April 2018





1. This is an argument on costs between client and her former solicitors. At this juncture, there are four summonses before this court.

a. The main summons lies in whether the court should or should not allow the defendant to tax 10 bills of the plaintiff.

b. Procedurally, there are 3 summonses taken out by parties (2 from the defendant, and 1 from the plaintiff) to attempt to adduce further evidence before the court.


2. On 9 May 2016, the plaintiff commenced the present originating summons (“OS”). The plaintiff was and is a firm of solicitors. It is the former solicitors of the defendant in her divorce proceedings. By the OS, the plaintiff asked the court to tax 5 bills having issued to the defendant.

3. The defendant did not oppose to the OS. However, she went on to issue her own summons asking the court to further allow 10 more bills for taxation under s. 67 of Legal Practitioners Ordinance (Cap.159) (“LPO”)

4. The defendant prepared her affidavit to support the summons. She spent some time explaining her complaints, including that the plaintiff failed to enforce the undertaking given by her husband pursuant to the mediation agreement. In her divorce proceedings, the plaintiff also failed to advise her or advised her wrongly to accept “litigation fund” provided to her by her husband on condition that it would offset against her final ancillary relief at the end. Her view was supported by her two senior counsel and HH Judge Melloy in her Judgment dated 8 December 2015. There was also mismanagement of her legal finding by the plaintiff. It resulted in rushing of MPS applications for litigation funding and immediate demand for costs from her before hearings, or that she would not have legal representations. All bills were duplicated and excessive. As all bills were only interim, she should be entitled to taxation of them under s.67 LPO because were special circumstances justifying the court to exercise his discretion to allow them to be taxed.

5. On 12 July 2016, Master K. Lo dealt with the OS and the summons. Two separate sets of directions were given. On the one hand, the 5 bills would be taxed with directions on itemized bill and list of objections to be filed. On the other, the 10 bills were adjourned for argument with one day reserved. Usual directions for affidavit evidence was given, including that no further affirmation should be filed without prior leave of the court.

6. On 31 October 2016, two affirmations in opposition were filed, one from Mr. Dearle, and the other from Ms. Ser. The former was the partner in charge of the defendant’s case at the material times. He left the defendant in about October 2015. The latter was and is a partner of the defendant. She assisted Mr. Dearle in the defendant’s case when he would be out of town.

7. Ms. Ser explained, inter alia, that the defendant came to the plaintiff for advice in around June 2012. The divorce proceedings were highly acrimonious contentious and hostile. The husband was uncooperative. From September 2014 to October 2015, there were eight substantive hearings, all of which parties were represented by senior counsel. By such time, the husband incurred legal costs of 14 million and the defendant, 8 million. All allegations against the plaintiff made by the defendant were denied, including mismanagement of legal funding, duplicated and excessive charging, ill advice contrary to the defendant’s interest. She also said that “interim bills” issued by the plaintiff was meant to be final for the work during the period of time covered by the work.

8. Mr. Dearle said that he had left the plaintiff. He agreed with Ms. Ser. There were no special circumstances in the 10 bills. He also referred to the decision of the divorce court having reported in [2016] 2 HKLRD 1 to show that the case had raised important issues.

9. The defendant filed and served her 2nd affidavit as reply on 6 February 2017. She disagreed with Mr. Dearle on a number of matters. She reiterated that there were excessive and unreasonable billing practices in the plaintiff who duplicated their costs. The plaintiff was not able to manage her litigation funding properly. The plaintiff gave her bad advice which was not in her best interest. The plaintiff only acted in its best interest to secure substantial lump sums for litigation funding to ensure its bills being paid. It was extremely disappointing for her to realize that the plaintiff had breached her trust in it. All these also led to serious depletion of matrimonial assets and serious liquidity issues. She maintained that there were special circumstances justifying the ten bills to be taxed.

10. So far, the defendant acted in person. One day later, on 7 February 2017, she started to be legally represented herein.

11. In the meantime, regarding taxation of the 5 bills, itemized bill and list of objections were filed and, and will be set down for taxation.

12. As to the 10 bills, on 7 April 2017, parties attended before the listing clerk and obtained the hearing before me on 30 October 2017.

13. Then, about ten days before the scheduled hearing, on 20 October 2017, the plaintiff issued a summons for leave to adduce another affirmation in opposition. An assistant solicitor, Ms. Tsao, did the same. It is only a short affirmation of about four pages but it sought to adduce the 2nd affidavit of Mr. Dearle with quite some pages of exhibits. She explained that it was necessary to deal with 17 new allegations mentioned in the affidavit in reply of the defendant. The plaintiff disagreed with the defendant’s allegations, including that she had not been given certain advice and she was not made aware of certain facts. Only Mr. Dearle was privy to these and could rebut them all. Parties had corresponded about it. On 16 October 2017, the plaintiff wrote to the defendant asking for consent and adjournment of the hearing so that the defendant could also prepare her further affidavit in reply. No agreement could be reached because the defendant insisted on $200,000 costs of adjournment. The plaintiff needed the 2nd affidavit of Mr. Dearle. The defendant would suffer no real prejudice. Among others, there was no urgency and onus lied on the defendant to show special circumstances.

14. In less than one week’s time, on 26 October 2017, the defendant also issued another summons seeking to, inter alia, rely on her 3rd affidavit in case that this court would allow the plaintiff to adduce further evidence. She complained that the 2nd affidavit of Mr. Dearle contained voluminous and confidential materials. No leave was obtained to use them. She disagreed with the allegations and presentation of facts by Mr. Dearle. She went through the affidavit and set out her disagreement...

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