Tat Hing Firm v Kwong Sheung Firm

CourtDistrict Court (Hong Kong)
Judgment Date07 February 1948
Judgement NumberDCMP19/1947
Subject MatterMiscellaneous Proceedings






Tat Hing Firm Appellants


Kwong Sheung Firm Respondents

Coram: E.H. Williams

Date of Judgment: 7 February 1948




1. This is an appeal from a decision of a Tenancy Tribunal granting an order for eviction of the appellants from No.27, Wing Lok St., ground floor, on the ground that the tenant (Lung Chuen Firm) had transferred the promises to the appellants without the consent in writing of the landlords - respondents.

2. The decision of the Tribunal is set out below:

(1) There is a transfer of the premises by the Lung Chuen Firm to the Tat Hing, the opponent, after 1st March 1946.
(2) that such transfer is without the cousant in writing of the applicant,

and orders:

(1) Possession be returned to the applicant within 30 days from date of order.
(2) Mesne profits from 1st October, 1946, to date of delivery of possession at the rate of "160 per month to be paid within 2 weeks from 13th August, 1947.

The grounds of the appeal are 5 in number. They are painly facts rather than law.

3. At the bearing before the Tribunal, both parties were represented solicitors , the chairman of the Tribunal also being a solicitor. The Tribunal did not share any grounds for its decision - it is not required so to do either under the Proclamation or the Ordinance unless the appeal is by way of a case stated. It is, however very regrettable that the appellants did not follow the usual practice in appeals from Tribunals of asking the Chairman through the Court (or directly) for the reasons for its decision in cases where none are set out.

4. The evidence before the Tribunal on behalf of the respondents (applicants) was that Tse Tak Ying was the sole owner of the firm and principal tenant of the house: he left for the country in 1942. In his absence, his parent (since dead) let the ground floor to the Lung Chuen firm and, on his return in 1946, rent continued to be collected on his behalf from some one in the firm which was carrying on the business of Chinese wine merchants. Notice to quit was served on the firm in May 1946 but it was ignored and rent continued to be collected.

5. The servant who collected the rent stated that he obtained payment from the master who was surnamed Lo or, in his absence, the cook. When he visited to collect rent at the end of September, 1946, he found the old employees absent, the premises repainted, the signboard LUNG CHUEN replaced by the sign 'TAT HING, Ship Chandlers'. (photo -graphs shew the name painted prominently over the shop and on the pillars outside). The business now being carried on was a ship Chandlers'. He informed his master and a solicitors' letter was written at the end of October requiring the Tat Hing to vacate immediately. Both TSE TAK YING and his servant stated that about 10 days later they noticed a small signboard LUNG CHUEN in a corner of the shop.

6. The evidence for the appellants (Opponents) was given by Tsang Chau Jor. It was to the effect that he and one, Lo Fong, were partners in the Tat Hing; Lo Fong had been manager of the Lung Chuen: that business had been discontinued owing to the difficulty of securing a wine licence and they changed over to ship chandlers' business under the sign...

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