HKCFI 111
IN THE HIGH COURT OF THE
HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION
COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE
MISCELLANEOUS PROCEEDINGS NO. 214 OF 2021
||IN THE MATTER OF an application by Santa Monica Equity Inc. (“the Applicant”) against Christelle Fila Nzololo (“the Respondent”) for an Order of Committal under Order 52, Rule 1 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap. 4A)
|SANTA MONICA EQUITY INC.
|CHRISTELLE FILA NZOLOLO
Before: Hon Anthony Chan J in Court
Date of Hearing: 6 January 2022
Date of Judgment: 6 January 2022
1. This is the Applicant’s (“Santa Monica”) Originating Summons filed on 17 February 2021 seeking the Respondent’s (“Nzololo”) committal based on alleged forgery adduced in proceedings by the latter to set aside a statutory demand (“Set Aside”) served on her by the former.
2. Nzololo has been served all the relevant documents for these proceedings pursuant to an Order for substituted service dated 7 June 2021 (“Order”). She has chosen not to participate in these proceedings and has not appeared at the hearing. It was ordered by this court that the hearing should proceed in her absence.
3. Santa Monica is a Marshall Islands company. It was beneficially owned by the late Mr George Catsiapis (“Deceased”) until his death on 30 September 2018. It is now so owned by the Deceased’s heirs.
4. According to Nzololo’s affidavit filed on 14 January 2020 (“Affidavit”) in support of the Set Aside, she was born in Congo. She moved to Belgium when she was 8 years old, and she was living in Hong Kong with her family. She was the Deceased’s administrative assistant before his death.
5. Following his death, the Deceased’s heirs engaged Ms Lina Adeeb, who had worked with the Deceased for “decades”, to take stock of his assets which included Santa Monica. In the course of investigation, Ms Adeeb discovered that on 15 August 2018, €150,000 (“Sum”) was transferred from Santa Monica’s bank account to that of Nzololo for a project that was never performed.
6. After Nzololo refused to return the Sum, on 27 December 2019 Santa Monica’s solicitors, Messrs Kobre & Kim (“K&K”), served on her a statutory demand. On 14 January 2020, Nzololo, acting via her solicitors, Messrs King & Wood Mallesons (“KWM”), applied to set aside the statutory demand.
7. Nzololo admitted in the Affidavit that she had kept the Sum, but alleged that she was permitted to do so by reason of a set-off because Santa Monica owed her €272,000 (“Debt”). The only evidence she adduced in support of the Debt was a one-page letter dated 20 March 2018 (“Letter”) purportedly signed by the Deceased, allegedly the authorized representative of Santa Monica, stating that the company owed her a “credit balance” of €272,000.
8. Due to suspicion over the authenticity of the Letter based on, inter alia, the mis-spelling of the Deceased’s name, Ms Adeeb commissioned a report by handwriting experts, Mr Khody Detwiler and Mr Gus Lesnevich, on the authenticity of the document and the signature thereon (“Report”).
9. The Report concluded “with the highest degree of confidence” that the Deceased’s signature on the Letter was a “cut-and-paste simulation, or forgery”.
10. On 17 January 2020, K&K wrote to KWM contending that the Letter was forged and demanding that Nzololo confirms its authenticity. Neither Nzololo nor KWM responded to the letter. On 23 February 2020, Santa Monica filed an affidavit exhibiting the Report and putting forth the contention of forgery for purpose of the Set Aside.
11. On 19 March 2020, KWM conveyed that they had ceased to act for Nzololo appending a Notice to Act in Person (“Notice”) signed by Nzololo with a stated residential address in Hong Kong (“Address”) for service.
12. Since acting in person, Nzololo had sent no less than 8 correspondences to the court and K&K from 25 March 2020 to 16 February 2021. In those correspondences, Nzololo had never commented on the Letter.
13. After repeated failure by Nzololo to prosecute the Set Aside, it was dismissed by the court on 16 October...